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Report Card 2010

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Villanova University

Campus Survey

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With the publication of the College Sustainability Report Card 2010, more than 1,100 school survey responses from over 300 institutions are now available online. In total, these surveys offer more than 10,000 pages of data collected from colleges and universities during the summer of 2009 . To access surveys from other schools, go to the  surveys section  of the website. To see grades, or to access additional surveys submitted by this school, please click the "Back to Report Card" link at the beginning or end of the survey.


Name: Bethanie Anderson
Title: Senior Communications Associate

Member, President’s Core Team on Climate Commitment

Chair, Climate Communications Subcommittee
Date survey submitted: July 22, 2009


1) Does your school have its own formal sustainability policy?

[X] Yes. Please describe and provide URL, if available:


As a Catholic institution of higher learning, Villanova University has an obligation and commitment to exercise leadership in promoting and reinforcing environmental responsibility by integrating ethical, social, economic, and ecological values of environmentally sustainable development into its curriculum, research, and institutional policy and practice. Villanova’s formal sustainability policy, adopted in November 2004, is as follows:


Villanova University will strive to conduct its activities in an ecologically sound, socially just, and economically viable manner, and will continue to do so for future generations. Villanova University will support the concepts of sustainability in its curriculum, research, and related activities, preparing all members of the Villanova community to contribute to an environmentally sound and socially just society. The institution will strive to function as a sustainable community, embodying responsible consumption, promoting ecological literacy and environmentally sound practices among its students, faculty, staff, and graduates, and supporting these values in the local community.

Following his election as the university’s 32nd President, Father Peter M. Donohue, OSA further reinforced Villanova’s commitment to sustainability by the signing the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment in May 2007. The ultimate goal of this commitment is make Villanova a climate neutral campus in the near future.





2) Has the president of your institution signed the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC)?
[X] Yes. If completed, please provide the date the GHG Report was submitted to the ACUPCC: January 2007

3) Has your institution signed the Talloires Declaration?
[X] No

4) Is there a sustainability component in your institution’s master plan and/or strategic plan (check all that apply)?

[X] Yes, in the master plan. Please describe and provide URL, if available:


As outlined in the final report on the new Villanova Campus Master Plan, under the section entitled “Toward a More Sustainable Villanova,” sustainability is a core component of the roadmap for the future construction, renewal, and maintenance of Villanova’s campus. Areas of particular emphasis in the master plan include energy use, supply and distribution; material supply and disposal; food supply; water supply and disposal; building design and construction, including mechanical systems; transportation; vegetation and landscape; education, research and outreach; and operational and administrative initiatives.



[X] Yes, in the strategic plan. Please describe and provide URL, if available:


Under the leadership of Father Peter M. Donohue, OSA, Villanova has undertaken a comprehensive effort to establish a new strategic plan that will carry the university through the next decade and beyond. The plan, “Inspiring the Mind, Igniting the Heart, Illuminating the Spirit,” will define the next era of excellence at Villanova. More information about the strategic planning process can be found here: http://www.villanova.edu/president/strategicreport


The cornerstone of the new strategic plan will be the newly-refined Villanova University Mission Statement. The new statement includes the following enduring commitments.


To serve our students, alumni, and global community, we:

encourage students, faculty, and staff to engage in service experiences and research, both locally and globally, so they learn from others, provide public service to the community, and help create a more sustainable world; and respect a worldview that recognizes that all creation is sacred and that fosters responsible stewardship of the environment.


5) Does your school have a council or committee that advises on and/or implements policies and programs related to sustainability?
[X] Yes

If you answered “No” to question 5, please proceed directly to question 11.

6) Please provide the name of the committee and list the number of meetings held since August 2008.
Name: President’s Climate Commitment Core Team
Number of meetings: Ten (10); four (4) full team meetings and six (6) student meetings

7) Please provide number of stakeholder representatives on the committee.
[#2] Administrators
[#5] Faculty
[#3] Staff
[#5] Students
[#1] Other. Please describe: Alumna


8) Please provide the name of the chair(s) of the committee for the 2009–10 academic year, and indicate which stakeholder group the chair(s) represents. If 2009–10 academic year information is not yet available, please provide information for 2008–09 instead.


Name of chair(s): John Cacciola, PE, LEED, Assistant Vice President for Engineering and Construction

Position(s) (e.g., administrator, faculty, staff, student): Administrator

9) To whom does the committee report (e.g., president, vice president)? Villanova University President, Father Peter M. Donohue, OSA

10) Please list key issues/programs that the committee has addressed or implemented since August 2008.


Climate Action Planning and Corresponding Energy Audit

Green House Gas Emission Report

Green Building Practices

Year of Sustainability

Establishment of 3 Subcommittees to Complete Targeted Work on 3 Issues:


a) Communication of Sustainability Initiatives: Internal and External (includes comprehensive inventory of sustainability initiatives on campus)

b) Assessment of Sustainability Initiatives on Campus (includes corresponding recommendations)

c) Proposal for the Establishment of an Office of Sustainability at Villanova University


Progress made on each of these issues since August 2008:


Villanova is pleased to report that the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team has made tremendous progress in addressing each of these key areas over the past year.


1. Climate Action Planning and Corresponding Energy Audit


Villanova has retained the services of The Stone House Group (http://www.stonehousegroup.net) to conduct an energy audit and to help the university to establish its Climate Action Plan. The Stone House Group auditing process is approximately 2/3 complete at this time, with the final report due to Villanova in September 2009. Villanova’s Climate Action Plan will focus on three steps: 1) assess, 2) reduce, and 3) offset.



2. Greenhouse Gas Emission Report


Villanova generated its first-ever Greenhouse Gas Emission Report in calendar year 2007. Greenhouse gas emissions represent a key issue for the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team, and this is one of the priority areas for the subcommittee charged with the assessment of Sustainability Initiatives on Campus (described below). An overview of the current official Greenhouse Gas Emission Report for 2007 is on file with ACUPCC (http://acupcc.aashe.org/ghg-report.php?id=684).


3. Green Building Practices


Under the direction of the Villanova Facilities Management Office, which plays a central role on the President’s Climate Commitment Core team, the university is now pursuing LEED certification on all new construction and major renovations. It is also implementing energy-conserving measures throughout campus, including lighting retrofits, improved building automation, high-efficiency equipment, and building-specific energy monitoring.


Driscoll Hall is Villanova’s first LEED-certified building. Additionally, 90 percent of the project’s construction waste was recycled and diverted from landfills. (http://www.villanova.edu/fmo/engineeringconstr/greenbuilding/nursing.htm)


The new Law School building was also designed and built to achieve a LEED certification. The building will also include a “green information” kiosk in the main lobby that will provide real time and historical data about the building utility consumption. Approximately 90 percent of its construction waste, too, has been diverted. (http://www.villanova.edu/fmo/engineeringconstr/greenbuilding/lawschool.htm)


As part of the LEED design for these projects, and in keeping with the university’s sustainability goals, Villanova has implemented energy and water-efficient systems and features including:


-lighting that operates on occupancy sensors (in some cases, daylight harvesting sensors);

-installation of a “heat recovery” air handling unit in Driscoll, using waste heat to reduce energy consumption;

-plumbing fixtures resulting in water savings, e.g., the Law School building will save over 900,000 gallons of water per year over a conventional design;

-“green screens” in the buildings to display and describe the green attributes within each building;

-native landscaping to mitigate irrigation;

-proximity to public transportation;

-preferred parking for alternatively-fueled vehicles;

-reduced light pollution into the night sky;

-purchasing most construction materials from within a 500-mile radius of the site;

-use of recycled materials in the construction products;

-use of FSC-certified wood products;

-extensive use of natural light for internal spaces;

-highly efficient lighting and HVAC systems;

-thermally-efficient roofing systems, including a green roof component for Driscoll Hall;

-efficient glazing systems; and

-improved indoor air quality during construction.


This summer, Fedigan Hall is being renovated and converted to a “green dorm” and model of sustainability for the Villanova campus. The project is being designed to LEED-EB standards with a goal of Gold certification. The project is a partnership between Villanova Facilities Management Office and the Villanova College of Engineering, and will include initiatives related to engineering disciplines including solar power, solar thermal, LED lighting, geothermal, and anti-bacterial/low-VOC products. Additionally, the project will include extensive use of recycled products, highly efficient plumbing fixtures, a “green screen” display in the building’s lobby, and an evaluation of current recycling techniques in an attempt to increase the students’ recycling efforts. http://www.villanova.edu/fmo/engineeringconstr/greenbuilding/fediganhall.htm


Villanova has instituted Water and Electricity Conservation Competitions among four residence halls on South campus (St. Monica, Katharine, Caughlin, and McGuire Halls). This information, captured on “green screens,” combined with a reward for the building with the lowest consumption each month, is designed to incent the efficient use of utility resources.



In addition, Villanova attempts to reuse furniture throughout campus by maintaining an inventory of furniture needs on campus and items that are in storage or become available through a renovation project. The objective of this practice is not only to achieve cost savings, but to encourage environmental stewardship. As an example, the writer of this report has two pre-owned bookshelves and a pre-owned table in her office, all of which were obtained through campus re-use efforts.


4. Year of Sustainability


As a manifestation of the President’s Climate Commitment, Villanova launched a Year of Sustainability (encompassing the past academic year, 2008–09), which highlighted sustainability as a long-term approach to environmental protection and process improvements. Led by an interdisciplinary executive committee of faculty members committed to environmental issues—who worked closely with the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team—this initiative was kicked off by the 80th Anniversary of the Mendel Medal Celebration. The Year of Sustainability, through its support of a wide variety of learning, research, and service opportunities, underscored the connections between the economy, the environment, and social responsibility. (http://www.villanova.edu/sustainability/yearofsustainabilty/)


As a capstone to the Year of Sustainability—and in conjunction with the celebration of Earth Day—Villanova hosted the International SustainAbility Conference on April 23–25, 2009. (http://www.villanova.edu/sustainability/yearofsustainabilty/conference/) This conference addressed the scientific, humanistic, political, economic, and ecological challenges and opportunities of sustainability, and featured keynote speaker and environmental champion Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.

The conference activities are outlined in the program below.


Program: International SustainAbility Conference, Villanova University


Thursday, April 23, 2009






Refreshments and light snacks



Fr. Peter M. Donohue, OSA
President, Villanova University


Opening Address

Connelly Center

Laura Westra
Professor Emerita, Philosophy, University of Windsor
Postdoctoral Scholar, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law
“Ecological Integrity, Sustainability and the Law: From Science to Human Rights”


 Breakout Session 1


Panel 1

Philosophical Challenges in Science and Sustainability


Evelyn Brister
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Rochester Institute of Technology and
Richard Shearman
Associate Professor, Science, Technology, and Society/Public Policy
Rochester Institute of Technology
“Two Cultures: Identifying Sustainability Between the Social and Natural Sciences”

Matthew Ally
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Borough of Manhattan Community College of The City University of New York
“Which Sustainability? Whose Planet? Why Ask? : Environmental Ethics and Earth System Science in the Crucible of Lived Experience”

Paul Reitan
Professor Emeritus, Department of Geology, University at Buffalo
“A Culture of Sustainability—Can Science and Ecosophy Help?”
Chair: Jody Roberts
Program Manager, Environmental History and Policy
Center for Contemporary History and Policy Chemical Heritage Foundation


Panel 2

Agriculture, Sustainability, and Development


Kristztina Pongratz-Chander
Assistant Professor
Department of Government, Framingham State College
“Sustainability and Coffee Production in Costa Rica: Is Fair Trade the Answer?”

Todd LeVasseur
Doctoral candidate, Religion Department, University of Florida
“Sustainability and Farming Systems—What if the waters dry up? A case study from Andhra Pradesh, India”

Harold Leaman
Department of Geography and the Environment, Villanova University
“The Need For Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the Sahel”
Chair: Jennifer Gilbert
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Geography and the Environment, Villanova University


Panel 3

Sustainable Water Solutions for a Rural Community in Nicaragua: An Interdisciplinary Intervention with Nursing & Engineering Students A Roundtable Discussion


James O’Brien
Mechanical Engineering Department, Villanova University

Elizabeth Keech
Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Villanova University

Jordan Ermilio

Adviser, Engineers Without Borders, Villanova University

Ruth McDermott-Levy
Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Villanova University


Panel 4

Green Engineering on Campus


Gerard Jones
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Villanova University
“A Preliminary Analysis and Design of an Active Solar Heating System for a Green Dormitory at Villanova University”

Pritpal Singh
Professor and Chair of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Villanova University
“Solar Electric System Design and Implementation for Villanova’s Engineering Building”

Farshad Rajabipour
Assistant Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Hawaii Manoa
Aleksandra Radlinska
Assistant Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Villanova University
“Engineering for a Sustainable World: Active Learning and Applying Sustainability through Analysis, Design, and Evaluation of Green Building Performance”
Chair: Andrea L. Welker
Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Villanova University




Breakout Session II


Panel 1

Ecological Selves and Communities: Deep Ecology, Dis/Ability, and Sustainable Livelihoods


Abigail Levin
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Niagara University
“Deeply Sustainable: Reflections on the Relationship Between Deep Ecology and Sustainability”
Kyoo Lee
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY

“Sustained Shadows of Sustainability: A Resistentialist Look at Bio-centric Ableism”
Patrick Hurley
Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, Ursinus College
“Linking livelihoods? Connected landscapes and the lessons of sweetgrass basket-making in the greater Mt. Pleasant, SC area for suburban sustainability planning”
Chair: Christopher Ruth, Philosophy Department, Villanova University


Panel 2

Generational Equity, Health, and Sustainability in India and the US


Carolyn Bitzer
Women’s Studies, University of Delaware
“The Need for Multidimensional Gender Equity in Sustainable Development (India)”

Ronald A. Harris
Director and Associate Professor, Health Policy and Systems Management Program, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of Public Health
“Sustainable Healthcare: Human Longevity, Economic Stability, Entitlement Programs, and Generational Equity”

Ruth McDermott-Levy
Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Villanova University
“Nurses’ Advocacy for Environmental Health”
Chair: Mike Kim
Philosophy Department, Villanova University


Panel 3

Linking Food, Regenerative Practice, and Sustainability: Sustainability for Social Justice


Medard Gabel
Executive Director, BigPictureSmallWorld

“Regenerative Development: Going Beyond Sustainability”

Margaret Betz
Adjunct Professor of Philosophy, Rutgers University-Camden
“A Future Free of Flesh: The Imminent Need for an Ethical Vegetarianism”

Lisa Bergin
Associate Professor of Philosophy, Hamline University
“Sustainability and the “Coevolutionary Bargain”: Michael Pollan, Social Contract Theory, Malcolm X and the Broad-Breasted White Turkey”
Chair: TBA


Panel 4

Sustainability and the Law


Laura Westra
Professor Emerita (Philosophy), University of Windsor
“Water Rights? Positive and Negative Aspects”

Ruth Gordon
Professor of Law, Villanova School of Law
“Unsustainable Development”

Joseph Dellapenna
Professor of Law, Villanova School of Law
“Sustainability as a Legal Standard”
Chair: Robert Langran
Professor and Chair, Political Science Department, Villanova University





Poster Session

Julie A. Becker

Women’s Health & Environmental Network

Sarah Banas
Program Associate, Center for Science, Technology, and Sustainability
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
“Professional Association Support for Sustainability Across the Sciences”

Debra Ruben
Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Interiors, Drexel University
“A Cross Disciplinary Approach to Humanitarian Crises”

Maria Elena Arias-Zelidon, MA Candidate/Teaching Assistant in Hispanic Studies, Villanova University
Of Human Nature”

Mary Lonergan
Co-Founder, Back2Tap LLC

“Getting Back2Tap!”

Jessica Sprajcar
Natural Resource Program Specialist, Office of Conservation Science
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
“Creating Sustainable Community Parks”








Keynote Address


Villanova Room

Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.
President, Waterkeeper Alliance
Clinical Professor and Supervising Attorney
Pace University School of Law’s Environmental Litigation Clinic
“Our Environmental Destiny”


Friday, April 24, 2009







Breakout Session III


Panel 1

Activism, Academia, and the Gender/ed Politics of Change


Wendy Lynne Lee
Professor of Philosophy, Bloomsburg University
“The Meaning of Governor Sarah Palin’s Nomination for Vice President and Some of Its Implications for Environmental Philosophy”

Nancy McHugh
Associate Professor of Philosophy & Director of Women’s Studies, Wittenberg University
“Sustaining Science, Sustaining Communities”

Paul M. Pulé
Research Associate, School of Sustainability, Murdoch University, Australia
“A Declaration of Caring: Toward An Ecological Masculinism”

Amber L. Katherine
Professor, Philosophy & Gender Studies, Santa Monica College
“The Question Concerning Sustainability”
Chair: Barbara Wall
Associate Professor of Philosophy, VP, Office of Mission Effectiveness
Villanova University


Panel 2

Integrating Sustainability into the Humanities


Wendy Boring
Assistant Professor, Department of History, Willamette University
Western Civilization and Sustainability: Re-visioning the Narrative”

Sharon Meagher
Professor of Philosophy and Director of Women’s Studies, The University of Scranton
“Pedagogical Strategies: Infusing Sustainability into the Curriculum”

Mark Cladis
Professor and Chair, Religious Studies, Brown University
“Religion and Democracy Gone Wild: Waking up to an Environmental Democratic Vision”
Chair: Paul C. Rosier
Associate Professor, Department of History, Villanova University


Panel 3

Envisioning Socially Responsible and Sustainable Businesses


Maria Lai-Ling Lam
Associate Professor, School of Business, Malone University
“Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility: Challenges of Foreign Multinational Enterprises in China”

Ruzanna Ghurbanyan
Private Section, Armenia
“Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility in the Caucasus”

Marisha Stock
Management Consultant, INCON, Tbilisi, Georgia /St. Petersburg, Russia

Sustainability and Social Entrepreneurship”

Enrico Wensing
Founder, Ecosphere Net
“Toward A World Connected in Action for Sustainability”
Chair: HG Chissell
Management Consultant, Gap International
Founder, Swarthmore College Sustainability Network


Panel 4

Urban Sustainability: Goals, Metrics, and Indicators


Gary McDonough
Professor and Chair of the Program of Growth and Structure of Cities
Bryn Mawr College
“Barcelona Sostenible? Policy, Imagery and Global Context in Urban Sustainability”

Joana C. Bezerra
Doctoral Candidate, Environment and Society, State University of Campinas, Unicamp, Brazil
“Sustainability Indicators: A Study on the Experiences in the Construction of Sustainable Development Indicators”

Richardson Dilworth
Assistant Professor, Department of History and Politics, Drexel University
“Measuring Sustainability in Infrastructure: The Case of Philadelphia”
Chair: Bridget Wadzuk
Assistant Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Villanova University




Breakout Session IV


Panel 1

Democracy, Solidarity, and Sustainability: Plumwood, Scholz, and Green Political Theory


Chaone Mallory
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Villanova University
“Plumwood and Political Solidarity: Standing With the Natural Other”

Sally Scholz
Professor of Philosophy, Villanova University
“Political Solidarity and Sustainability”

Piers HG Stephens
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Georgia
“Plumwood, Property, Selfhood, and Sustainability”
Chair: Sarah Vitale, Philosophy Department, Villanova University


Panel 2

Sustainability and the Campus


Jason Slipp
Instructional Technologist, Lehigh University
“Campus Sustainability: How to foster culture change and promote a sense of sustainability on a college campus; Lessons learned from Lehigh University”

Cynthia Cann
Associate Professor, Kania School of Management, University of Scranton
“One Example of Sustainable, LEED Decision Making in Higher Education”

Daniel McFee
Associate Professor of Religious Studies Co-Director
The Evelyn Lincoln Institute for Ethics and Society, Mercyhurst College
“Sustainability at Mercyhurst College Identifying Consequences that Matter”
Chair: Nancy Kelley
Director, Academic Learning Communities, Villanova University


Panel 3

Sustainability and Policy


Eran Feitelson
Director, Federmann School of Public Policy and Government Hebrew University of Jerusalem
“Think Globally and Act Locally or Act Locally and Think Globally? The Lessons from Israel”

Roberto P. Guimaraes
Professor, Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration
Getulio Vargas Foundation
“The International Negotiation Agenda on the Environment continuity and change in the Brazilian position”

Jennifer Gilbert
Post-Doctoral Fellow, Geography and the Environment Department
Villanova University
“The telephone game from scientific research to policy implementation for agricultural ecosystems”
Chair: Richardson Dilworth
Assistant Professor, Department of History and Politics, Drexel University


Panel 4

Sustainability, Theology, and Nature


Connie Lasher
Founder and Executive Director
The John Paul II Institute for Theology & Environmental Studies
“Sustaining Wonder: Ecological Identity and the Theological Foundations of Sustainability”

Gary Chamberlain
Professor of Christian Ethics, Theology and Religious Studies Department, Environmental Studies Program, Seattle University
“The Global Water Crisis: Religion and Ethical Perspectives on Sustainability”

Chara Armon
Adjunct Professor, College of Liberal and Professional Studies, University of Pennsylvania
“Finding the Concept of Nature as Spiritual Sustenance in the History of Christianity”

Chair: Christopher C. Roberts
Catherine of Siena Ethics Fellow, Villanova University


Breakout Session V


Panel 1

Sustainability and the Culture of Consumption


Kim Y. Hiller Connell
Assistant Professor, Apparel, Textiles, & Interior Design
Kansas State University
“Sustainable Apparel Consumption: An Examination of Acquisition Barriers”

Holley Wlodarczyk
Doctoral Candidate, Department of Cultural Studies and Comparative Literature, University of Minnesota
“How Green is the American Dream? Sustainability, Suburbia, and the Single-Family Home”

Ross Lee
DuPont Company, Director, Technology and New Business Development; Adjunct Professor of Chemistry, Villanova University
“Sustainable Packaging: Current Drivers; Future Directions”

Steve Vanderheiden
Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Colorado at Boulder
“Citizens and Consumers: Individual Responsibility for Sustainability”

Chair: Cynthia Cann
Associate Professor, Kania School of Management, University of Scranton


Panel 2

The New “Green” Revolution: Business Strategy and Sustainability A Roundtable Discussion


John Kozup
Associate Professor of Marketing; Director, Center for Marketing and Public Policy Research, Villanova School of Business

Rich Leimsider

Director, Center for Business Education, The Aspen Institute

John A. Pearce II
VSB Endowed Chair in Strategic Management and Entrepreneurship Villanova School of Business

Jonathan Doh
Herbert G. Rammrath Chair in International Business, Villanova School of Business

Debra Rowe
Director, US Partnership for Education for Sustainable Development

Elizabeth Howlett
Professor, Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas

Jeremy Kees
Assistant Professor of Marketing, Villanova School of Business
Chair: Rich Leimsider
Director, Center for Business Education, The Aspen Institute


Panel 3

Contemplation and Change in Sustainability Education


Paul Morgan
Associate Professor, Department of Professional and Secondary Education, West Chester University
“Education for Sustainability: A Worldview Changing Experience”

Ashley Pryor
Assistant Professor, Department of Women’s and Gender Studies
The University of Toledo
“Sustaining Higher Education: The Role of Contemplative Studies Pedagogy in Creating More Sustainable Learning Environments”

Carla Conti
English Teacher, Universidade Estadual de Goiás and Linguistics and
teacher educator in Universidade Salgado de Oliveira, Brazil “Sustainability in the university: a transdisciplinary practice in teacher education”

Gary Chamberlain
Professor of Christian Ethics, Theology and Religious Studies Department, Environmental Studies Program, Seattle University
Trileigh Tucker
Associate Professor of Environmental Studies, Seattle University
“Crisis and Contemplation: Integrating mind, heart, and soul in sustainability education”

Chair: Daniel McFee
Associate Professor of Religious Studies; Co-Director, The Evelyn Lincoln Institute for Ethics and Society, Mercyhurst College


Panel 4

Green Energy


Kevin Woods
Doctoral Candidate, College of Engineering, Villanova University
“Thermal Modeling of a Geothermal Well Field for Ground Source Water Heat Pump Systems”

Chris Smith

MPA Candidate, LBJ School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas at Austin

“Steps Toward a Sustainable Austin Energy: The Roadmap”

Melissa Lott

MS Candidate, Mechanical Engineering Department, UT Austin

“Designing a Sustainable Energy Future through Environmental & Economic Tradeoff Analysis”
Chair: Andrea L. Welker

Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Villanova University


Guided Tour: Chanticleer Garden


Play: “A Sense of Wonder” Connelly Center Theatre


Organic Dinner


Saturday, April 25, 2009







Breakout Session VI


Panel 1

Sustaining Hope For Future Generations: Fairness, Justice, and Responsibility


Makoto Usami
Professor of Law and Philosophy, Tokyo Institute of Technology
“The Moral Foundations of Sustainability: Rights v. Fairness”

Rochelle Green
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Goucher College
“Capitalist Globalization, Justice, and the Possibility of Sustaining Hope”

Amos Nascimento
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of Washington-Tacoma
“From Sustainability to Responsibility: Searching for a Global Perspective to Global Problems”
Chair: Sally Scholz, Professor of Philosophy, Villanova University


Panel 2

Integrating Sustainability Into the Business Curriculum: Three Examples


Cathy A. Rusinko
Associate Professor of Management, School of Business Administration
Philadelphia University
“Developing an Inter-Disciplinary Minor in Sustainability”

Linda M. Sama
Associate Dean for Global Initiatives and Professor of Management
The Peter J. Tobin College of Business, St. John’s University
“Developing a Micro-Finance Center”

Stephanie Welcomer
Associate Professor of Management, Business School, University of Maine
“Developing a Graduate Program in Sustainability”

Chair: Nicholas Rongione
Associate Professor, Management Department, Villanova School of Business


Panel 3

Sustainable Water Management


Vuyani Monyake
Hydrobiologist, Department of Water Affairs
Ministry of Natural Resources, Lesotho

“Water and Sustainable Textile Industrial Development in Lesotho”

John Komlos
Visiting Assistant Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering Villanova University
David Rounce
Civil and Environmental Engineering, Villanova University
“Nutrients and Metals Removal in a Stormwater Abatement System for Sustainable Urban Development”

Jessica Reisert
Doctoral Candidate, Berlin University of Technology
Department of Environmental Assessment and Environmental Policy
“Stakeholder influence in Water Management in Germany and Washington State”

Chair: Andrea L. Welker
Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Villanova University


Panel 4
Student Panel

Taking the Lead: Students, Green Campus Initiatives, and Environmental Studies

Chair: Chaone Mallory/Patrick Hurley




Breakout Session VII


Panel 1

The Impact of Green Engineering


Ashlynn Stillwell
Candidate in Environmental & Water Resources Engineering, UT Austin
“Sustainability and Engineering: Energy, Water, and Environmental Systems”

Cassandra Telenko
Doctoral Program, Design and Manufacturing, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UT Austin

“Innovative and Derivative Sustainable Product Design: An Historical Survey”

Brian Alessi
Sustainability Consultant, The Sheward Partnership
“Strategic Implementation of Regenerative Development Using Mechanism Design Theory and Metagame Analysis”

Guillaume Turcotte
GIS Laboratory Technician, Department of Geography & the Environment, Villanova University
“Geographic Information Systems and Sustainable Practices”
Chair: Aleksandra Radlinska
Assistant Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Villanova University


Panel 2

Race and Place: Practical Considerations for Urban Sustainability

Chair: Rochelle Green
Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Goucher College


Panel 3
Student Panel

Chairs: Katie O’Gara and Angela Bagnasco


Panel 4
Student Panel

Sustainability in K-8 Education: The Wissahickon Charter School, An Eco-Centric Learning Community
Chair: TBD


Closing Session, Lunch


Closing Session

Annual Alumni/Alumnae Sustainability Lecture
Deborah Murray ‘94
BS Civil and Environmental Engineering Villanova University
“Journey Towards Sustainability”


Walking Through the Wissahickon Watershed Excursion (optional hike)



Another important component of the Year of Sustainability was the delivery of special lectures, which were open to the entire Villanova campus community. The “Global Climate Change Seminar Series,” sponsored by the Department of Geography and the Environment, spanned the Spring 2009 semester and included the following presentations.


“A Critical Evaluation of Global Sea Level Rise”

Francis Galgano, Department of Geography and the Environment

January 20, 2009


“Chemistry of Pollutants in Arctic Air, Snow and Ice”

Amanda Grannas, Department of Chemistry

February 3, 2009


“Elevated CO 2 Effects on Ecosystems”

Adam Langley, Department of Biology

February 24, 2009


“Seasonality of Climate Change in the Northeastern United States”

Keith Henderson, Department of Geography and the Environment

March 10, 2009


“Native American Green Power: Environmentalism in an Age of Global Change”

Paul Rosier, Department of History

March 17, 2009


“The Alberta Oil Sands: Economic, Environmental, and Social Issues”

Kelman Wieder, Department of Biology; Associate Dean of Sciences

March 24, 2009


“Who Knows?: Ethics and Epistemologies of Climate Change and Environmental Justice”

Chaone Mallory, Department of Philosophy

March 31, 2009


“Designing for Stormwater Sustainability”

Robert Traver, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

April 14, 2009


The “Religious Traditions and the Ecology Speaker Series,” sponsored by the Office for Mission Effectiveness, spanned the 2008–09 academic year and included the following presentations.


“Hinduism, Yoga, and the Ecology”

Christopher Key Chapple, Doshi Professor of Indic and Comparative Theology, Loyola Marymount University

September 18, 2008   


“Native American Spirituality as a Land-Based Spirituality”

Jean Molesky-Poz, Religious Studies, Santa Clara University

November 6, 2008


“Green Religion: Christianity, Spirit, Nature”

Mark I. Wallace, Department of Religion, Swarthmore College

January 29, 2009        


“Torah of the Earth: A Jewish Understanding of our Planetary Crisis and How to Heal God’s Creation”

Rabbi Arthur Waskow, Director, The Shalom Center, Philadelphia

March 12, 2009


“The Thought of Saint Augustine and the Ecology”

Joseph T. Kelley, Vice President, Mission and Advancement, Merrimack College

James A. Wenzel, OSA, Director, Center for Augustinian Study and Legacy, Merrimack College

April 2, 2009


Lastly, in tandem with the implementation of the Year of Sustainability, two new academic programs graduated their very first classes: the BS in Environmental Science (http://www.villanova.edu/artsci/geoenv/academics/bs_environmental_science.htm) and the BA in Environmental Studies (http://www.villanova.edu/artsci/geoenv/academics/ba_environmental_studies.htm). A new award, the “Rachel Carson Medallion Award for Excellence in the Environment,” was also established to recognize outstanding performance among a graduating senior in Environmental Studies or Environmental Science. The inaugural winner was graduate Katie O’Gara, who served as a driving force behind a number of environmental efforts—including a successful water bottle initiative—during her educational experience at Villanova.


5. Establishment of 3 Subcommittees to Complete Targeted Work on 3 Issues


a) Communication of Sustainability Initiatives: Internal and External (includes comprehensive inventory of sustainability initiatives on campus)


The Climate Communication Subcommittee was formed by the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team during the spring 2009 semester, and is chaired by team member Bethanie Anderson (Villanova staff). The purpose of the Climate Communication Subcommittee is to meet regularly to share news and collaborate on the communication of all efforts that are occurring among Villanova faculty, staff, students, and groups—both informal and formal—to care for the environment. The group’s charge is described as follows.


“Every day, there are hundreds of sustainability-related efforts occurring on our campus. Recycling, construction, curricular innovation, faculty research, student service projects, lectures, conferences, and eco-friendly purchasing represent just the tip of the iceberg. Our goal as a subcommittee will be to look at all these activities through a big-picture, strategic communications lens. Together we will seek to analyze these activities both separately and as a whole, put them into a wide funnel, and ensure that what comes out is consistent, clear, powerful messaging. We’ll brainstorm about what this messaging is—and how and to whom it’s delivered. Finally, we’ll seek to help others to carry the message forward easily and clearly in their own work on behalf of VU.”


The group membership has been established to include individuals who represent diverse interests and groups across campus as follows.


President’s Climate Commitment Core Team Member (Chair)

Three students

Director of College Outreach and Onsite Programs

Director of Media Relations

Director of Dining Services

Executive Director of Campus Ministry

Faculty Member, Geography and the Environment

Associate Director, Daniel M. DiLella Center for Real Estate

Assistant Director of Marketing and Communication, Alumni Affairs

Director of Communications, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences

Assistant Director for External Relations, College of Engineering

Director, Web Services and Technologies

Villanova Recycling Coordinator

Director of Academic Learning Communities


The group met once prior to the end of the academic year, and plans to meet again in September 2009. In addition, the group has generated a campus-wide inventory of sustainability efforts—much of which is included in this report submission.


b) Assessment of Sustainability Initiatives on Campus (includes corresponding recommendations)


The Subcommittee on Sustainability Initiatives was formed by the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team during the spring 2009 semester, and is chaired by team member John Olson (Villanova faculty). The purpose of the subcommittee is to meet regularly and to consolidate, investigate, and evaluate the various sustainability initiatives being considered—but not currently implemented—on campus. This group will also evaluate policies that have already been established, but that may warrant updating or “reinforcing.”


The group membership consists of four members of the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team and three Villanova students. In its work to date, the group has identified the following priority areas to be addressed during the coming academic year:


Campus-Wide Issues


Dining Services

Green Purchasing

Facilities Management/Operational/Custodial

Facilities Management/Operational/Energy Management and Efficiency


Academic: Choices Made by Faculty

Textbooks − purchasing

Alternatives to conventional textbooks − e-books and/or podcasts

Promoting electronic submissions of all/most assignments

Promoting printing with environmentally sensitive formats (e.g., double-sided, smaller fonts, smaller margins)


Academic: Educational

Develop courses (work with the departments of Geography and the Environment, Biology, Chemistry, Arts and Humanities, and others)

Possibly add course (or segment to preexisting course) in core curriculum, and/or

Add segment to orientation, and/or

Expand upon courses in the Environmental Learning Community

Continue to encourage faculty to develop inter- (or cross-) disciplinary courses, modeling after those which have already been formed at Villanova

Work with all colleges on campus (including Law School) to plan more educational forums, seminars, and special talks on sustainability

Develop pieces (with the Communications Subcommittee and others) for the website and possibly printed media to inform and educate the Villanova community about the initiatives on campus. Update often to include a schedule of upcoming events and to feature progress being made on campus to reduce carbon footprint.

Coordinate with students and student groups on campus (e.g., students in courses such as Environmental Science I and II, and in student groups such as the Villanova Ecological Society)

Support educational projects as they evolve, based on individual or collective interests and passions and experience (e.g., Katie O’Gara and the water bottle initiative).


Student Life: Promoting Sustainable choices by Students Outside Class

Light bulb exchange

Water bottles

Reducing “phantom energy” use campus-wide, including dorms


c) Proposal for the Establishment of an Office of Sustainability at Villanova University


The Subcommittee on the Office of Sustainability was formed by the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team during the spring 2009 semester, and is chaired by team member Judy Mannix (Villanova alumna). The purpose of the subcommittee is to meet regularly and to investigate and develop a proposal for an Office of Sustainability, including peer evaluation, options for placement in the University organizational chart, and budget/financial considerations.

The group membership consists of four members of the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team and two Villanova students.


The group has already met twice to discuss its plan for the investigation and development of a proposal. In addition, the group has begun to research peer universities and to study their models and practices. Lastly, the subcommittee is working on a mission statement for the Office of Sustainability, which will define the university’s needs in this area and will guide the proposal to form such an office.


11) Does your school employ sustainability staff (excluding student employees and interns)?

[X] Yes. Please provide titles and number of sustainability staff.

[1] Number of full-time staff (in FTE). Title: Recycling Coordinator
 Number of part-time staff (in FTE). Titles:

12) Does the head of the sustainability staff report directly to the president or another high-level administrator (e.g., vice president, vice chancellor)?
[X] No

13) Does your school have an office or department specifically dedicated to furthering sustainability on campus?

[X] No

14) Does your school have a website detailing its sustainability initiatives?

[X] Yes. Please provide URL: http://www.villanova.edu/sustainability


15) Does your school have a formal green purchasing policy?

[X] Yes. Please describe policy and provide URL to full policy, if available:


Green Purchasing Policy

Villanova recognizes its role as a leader in the community with regard to environmental issues and demonstrates its intention to ensure responsible stewardship of the environmental resources under its influence through this green purchasing policy. This green purchasing policy exhibits Villanova’s commitment to environmental stewardship. Through the purchase of green products, Villanova will set a positive example and play a significant role in the advancement of environmental stewardship on the campus and in the local and greater community.



Green purchasing is the practice of purchasing products and services that are less harmful to the environment—land, air, water—and all species that depend upon the environment for survival (including humans). Greener products are those that are made with less harmful materials or which are produced with minimal impact to the environment.



Villanova will strive to balance environmental and fiscal responsibilities in making green purchasing decisions. We will purchase products with the highest percentage recycled content available provided that the products meet acceptable use and performance standards. In addition, Villanova will strive to purchase materials that are:


Durable, as opposed to single use or disposable items

Non-toxic or minimally toxic, preferably biodegradable

Highly energy-efficient

Recyclable, but if not recyclable, may be disposed of safely

Made from raw materials that have been obtained in an environmentally sound, sustainable manner

Manufactured in an environmentally sound manner

Causing minimal or no environmental damage during normal use or maintenance

Shipped with minimal packaging (consistent with care of the product), preferably made of recycled and or recyclable materials


Products that meet the above criteria will appear on the university’s procurement list and will be given preferred purchase status.



16) Does your school purchase ENERGY STAR qualified products?
[  ] No
[  ] Some. Please describe:
[X] All

17) Does your school purchase environmentally preferable paper products (e.g., 100 percent post-consumer recycled content, certified by the Forest Stewardship Council)?
[X] Some. Please describe: Approximately 90 percent of the paper purchased by Villanova University is either recycled or contains recycled content, and approximately 60 percent of the paper purchased by Villanova is FSC-certified.


In addition to purchasing preferable paper products, Villanova has implemented a number of initiatives intended to curtail paper use overall, including:


extensive use and support of online forms and brochures;

creation of online instructional videos, rather than brochures or CDs;

utilization of Texterity to replace printed brochures and magazines with a web-based equivalent;

introduction of multifunctional devices that can print double-sided and scan to PDF and email;

establishment of VPrint, which centralizes printing, eliminates individual use of printers, and supplies “green” printers that use less power; and

conversion of university systems-related paper materials to online and email materials, including financial aid award letters and paystubs for payroll.

18) Does your school purchase Green Seal, Environmental Choice certified, or biorenewable cleaning products?
[X] Some. Please describe: Villanova purchases Green Seal cleaning products, Green Seal hand soap, and a biorenewable restroom cleanser.


19) Are your school’s computer/electronics purchase decisions made in accordance with standards such as the Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)?
[X] Some. Please describe: Although Villanova University does not formally include these standards in its RFPs, the environmental practices of potential vendors is a consideration in keeping with Villanova’s sustainability policy. (http://www.villanova.edu/sustainability/) For example, Villanova’s primary computer vendor is Dell, which is widely considered to be one of the greenest IT companies in the world.

20) Does your school use only pesticides that meet the standards for organic crop production set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture or Canadian Organic Standards (excluding on-campus farms)?
[X] No



21) Has your school completed a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory?
Please check all that apply.

[X] Yes. Please provide total annual GHG emissions (in metric tons of CO2e). Also, include the start date for each year as well as the URL to each inventory, if available online, or attach the document.

2007: 91,235

January 1, 2007


The purchase of carbon offsets does not count toward greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions for this indicator. They are counted in a subsequent indicator.
22) Has your school made a commitment to reducing GHG emissions by a specific amount?
[ X ] Yes. Please list details.
Reduction level: 100 percent
Baseline year: 2007
Target date: Villanova is now working to determine the target date for the realization of this goal.

If you answered only “No” or “In progress” to question 21, please now skip to question 27.

23) Has your school achieved a reduction in GHG emissions?

[X] No

24) Please provide the total heating and cooling degree days averaged over the past three years.
Data on total degree heating and cooling days is available at: http://www.degreedays.net/. This information will be used to help reduce bias between schools in different climates.

Cooling degree days average over the past three years: 1,505
Heating degree days average over the past three years: 4,533

25) Please provide GHG emissions figures on a per-thousand-square-foot basis for the past three years.
Per-Thousand-Square-Foot Emissions = Total CO2e in metric tons / Total maintained building space in thousands of square feet.

2007: 27.9

26) Please provide GHG emissions figures on a per-full-time-student basis for the past three years.
Per-Student Emissions = Total CO2e in metric tons / Total number of full-time enrolled students.

2007: 14

27) What programs or technologies has your school implemented to improve energy efficiency (e.g., cogeneration plant, retrocommissioning of HVAC systems, performing system tune-ups, temperature setbacks)?


Purchasing Energy Star-labeled products only

Campus temperature setbacks

Solar photovoltaics

Wind power purchasing

Geothermal wells

Thermally-efficient roof installations

T5 lamps

Heat recovery system

28) Do you facilitate programs that encourage members of the campus community to reduce energy use (e.g., cash incentives, signs reminding individuals to turn off lights and appliances)?

[X] Yes. Please describe: Villanova participates in three demand-management programs, one of which is the PJM Real Time Economic Demand Response Program. This new program allows Villanova to earn revenue for reducing electricity consumption when: 1) wholesale prices are high or 2) the electric grid is in jeopardy. To prompt such a reduction, the Villanova Facilities Management Office sends out a mass communication to the Villanova community, requesting a cut-down of energy usage. This may entail adjusting the air conditioning, turning off lights, or any number of other reduction steps as appropriate in various work and living spaces. Simultaneously, the Facilities Management Office can adjust the systems of six campus buildings via direct digital control. This enables building-wide adjustments of the air conditioning, for example.


Another program that encourages members of the campus community to reduce energy use is the ongoing Student Energy Conservation Competition. The Villanova Facilities Management Office, in collaboration with Villanova students, began the competition in 2008 between four residence halls: Caughlin, Katharine, McGuire, and St. Monica’s. Each hall has a kiosk, operated with a touch screen, that shows its consumption of hot water, cold water, energy, and electricity—along with where it stands in the competition vis-à-vis its competitors. (http://residence.villanova.greentouchscreen.com)


Lastly, students are encouraged to find creative ways to reduce energy use on campus through their academic projects. Recent team projects by Environmental Science students, for example, focused on the conversion of human energy to watts via exercise machines and solar-paneled backpacks as an energy source for laptop recharging.


29) Does your school generate renewable electricity?
[X] Yes. Please specify percentage of overall electricity generated from each of the following sources and describe details below.

B100 biodiesel
Clean biomass
Concentrating solar power (CSP)
Low-impact hydropower
[<1 percent] Solar photovoltaics

Description: In 2007, the Villanova College of Engineering unveiled a new solar electric system. The system’s 24 180-watt crystalline silicon solar panels—the first of their kind on campus—were installed on the south roof of the Center for Engineering Education and Research (CEER). The output from the 5’ by 2’ solar panels provides AC power for the building using an inverter. The panels provide up to 4,000 watts of power to offset utility-supplied power for the CEER building. The installation was part of Solar Scholars, a six-college coalition created by the Sustainable Energy Fund of Central Eastern Pennsylvania. The program was designed to provide college students and faculty with hands-on exposure to the application of solar technology as a renewable energy source.


Although solar photovoltaics represent an extremely small source of renewable energy generation now, the university intends to expand its horizons in this area in the future. During the 2009–10 academic year, the Villanova Facilities Management Office plans to issue an RFP to external firms for the provision of more solar photovoltaics on campus.

30) Does your school have solar hot water systems?
[X] No

31) Has your school purchased electric energy from renewable sources or renewable energy credits (RECs)?

RECs and electricity from renewable sources must be Green-e certified or meet the requirements of the Green-e standard.
[X] Yes. Please describe. Villanova University has purchased wind energy for its two newest buildings.
Date of most recent contract: July 29, 2008
Quantity (kWh): 5,245,704
Percentage of your total electric energy use that it represents: Approximately 3 percent

32) Has your school purchased non-electric energy from renewable sources?
[X] No

33) Please provide total BTUs of energy for heating and cooling from on-site combustion:
511,709 MMBTU

34) Please list each fuel source (e.g., coal, natural gas, oil) and the percent of overall BTUs derived from that source:

No. 6 Fuel Oil: 9 percent

Electricity: 41 percent

Natural Gas: 50 percent

35) Is any on-site combustion for heating and cooling derived from renewable sources?
[X] No


The food portion of this category is covered in a separate dining survey.


36) Please indicate which traditional materials your institution recycles (check all that apply).
[X] Aluminum
[X] Cardboard
[X] Glass
[X] Paper
Plastics (all)
[X] Plastics (some)
[X] Other. Please list: Wood pallets, motor oil, antifreeze, tires, batteries, furniture, office bins, scrap metal

37) Diversion rate: 25 percent

38) Does your institution have an electronics recycling program?
[X] Yes. If available, please indicate the total annual weight or volume of each material collected for recycling or reuse.
[X] Batteries: 2.85 tons
[X] Cell phones: Nominal amount
[X] Computers: 11.02 tons
[X] Lightbulbs: 8.14 tons
[X] Printer cartridges: 1.00 ton
[X] Other E-waste. Please list: Consumer Electronics: 5.88 tons


39) What percentage of your campus’s landscaping waste is composted or mulched?

[100 percent]

40) Do you provide composting receptacles around campus in locations other than dining halls (e.g., in residence halls, offices, academic buildings)?
[X] No

41) Do you have any source-reduction initiatives (e.g., end-of-semester furniture or clothing swaps and collections)?

[X] Yes. Please describe: Villanova conducts an annual end-of-the-academic-year collection of furniture, clothing, household items, and food for redistribution.


42) Does your school have a formal green building policy?

[X] No*
Yes. Please describe policy and provide URL to the full policy, if available:


*Although Villanova University does not have a formal policy on green building at this time, it does implement green building practices, and publicly states its commitment to such practices as part of its overall commitment to sustainability. http://www.villanova.edu/sustainability



43) Please indicate LEED-certified buildings.

[#1] Total number of LEED-certified buildings.
[75,500 sq ft] Gold-level (combined gross square footage). Please list building name:
Driscoll Hall (New College of Nursing Building)


44) Please indicate buildings that meet LEED certification criteria but are not certified.

[#1] Total number of buildings that meet LEED criteria

[174,000 sq ft] Gold-level criteria met, but not certified (combined gross square footage). Please list building name: New Law School Building



45) Please indicate buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled.

[#0] Total number of ENERGY STAR buildings. Please list building names:
[sq ft] Combined gross square footage.

46) Please indicate LEED-EB certified buildings.
[#0] Total number of LEED-EB certified buildings. Please list building names:
[sq ft] Combined gross square footage.

47) Please indicate buildings that meet LEED-EB certification criteria but are not certified.
[#1] Total number of buildings that meet LEED-EB criteria but are not certified. Please list building name: Fedigan Residence Hall


[19,993 sq ft] Combined gross square footage.

48) Please indicate renovated buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled.
[#0] Total number of renovated buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled. Please list building names:
[sq ft] Combined gross square footage.

49) What energy-efficiency technologies have you installed in existing buildings (e.g., HVAC systems, motion sensors, ambient light sensors, T5 lighting, LED lighting, timers, laundry technology)?
For each technology, please indicate the number and type of fixtures installed, and the number of buildings in which those fixtures are installed. If possible, include either the percentage of the overall campus fixtures each type represents or the percentage of overall maintained building space that has been renovated with the technology (e.g., 20 buildings representing 10 percent of maintained building space have been retrofitted with motion sensors; thus, 10 percent of the total maintained building space in square feet would be the desired data).


Villanova University has installed T5 lighting and ambient light sensors in 14 percent of its total campus building space, and has installed two geothermal wells for one building; one daylight harvesting system for one building; high-efficiency boilers in one building, and solar panels on one building.

50) What water-conservation technologies have you installed in existing buildings (e.g., low-flow faucets, low-flow showerheads, waterless urinals, dual-flush toilets, gray water systems, laundry technology)?
For each technology, please indicate the number and type of fixtures installed, and the number of buildings in which those fixtures are installed. If possible, include either the percentage of the overall campus fixtures each type represents or the percentage of overall maintained building space that has been renovated with the technology (e.g., 20 buildings representing 10 percent of the maintained building space have been retrofitted with low-flow faucets; thus, 10 percent of the total maintained building space in square feet would be the desired data).


Villanova University has installed the following water-conservation technologies: waterless urinals in three buildings, dual flush toilets in eight buildings, and low-flow shower heads and faucets in eleven buildings.


The following are rough estimates of percentages, based on Villanova buildings with fixtures installed as a part of the total square footage of the buildings on campus. (Numbers based on bathroom areas alone are not calculated due to lack of data).


The percentage of buildings with waterless urinals: approximately 8.6 percent

The percentage of buildings with dual flush toilets: approximately 13 percent

The percentage of buildings with low-flow faucets and showers: approximately 17 percent


51) What percentage of your institution’s non-hazardous construction and demolition waste is diverted from landfills?
[90 percent]


52) Are there any sustainability-themed residential communities or housing options at your school?

[X] Yes. Please provide details below.
Name of program: The Environmental Leadership Learning Community
Type of community (e.g., hall, building, house): Katharine Residence Hall
Number of students involved:
Additional details: The Environmental Leadership Learning Community invites first-year students to live in a residential community and share their class experiences in the first-year Augustine and Culture Seminar. Through specially-designed sections of the Augustine and Culture Seminar (a year-long interdisciplinary class required of all freshmen), students focus on texts from the Ancient to the Modern period that raise critical perspectives on the environment.


Students in the Environmental Leadership Learning Community:

attend a series of lectures, films, and/or community service focused on environmental concerns;

enroll in one of the designated sections of the Augustine and Culture Seminar associated with the learning community;

live in Katharine Hall in a co-educational setting with their Augustine and Culture Seminar classmates; and

learn from professors who work together to focus on issues of the environment as they relate to multiple aspects of scientific, engineering, business, political, and religious thought.


Students in the program are encouraged to make connections between their academic pursuits and the choices they make in their day-to-day lives. In addition, students are expected to participate actively in the life of the Katharine Hall community, which includes programs offered by both faculty and the residence life staff.

53) Does a portion of your new student orientation specifically cover sustainability?

[X] Yes. Please describe how sustainability is incorporated (e.g., information sessions, green tour):


New Villanova students receive a sustainability pamphlet as part of their orientation at the beginning of the school year. It addresses sustainability overall as a part of campus life, and specifically addresses energy and resource use reduction in the following section, entitled “What can I do to promote sustainability?”.


In my residence hall….

Turn off lights, lamps, computers, printers, TVs, radios, and any other equipment when not in use.

Use a desk lamp when I study rather than lighting the entire room.

If I don’t need lights, I won’t turn them on.

I will use compact fluorescent lights because they use about 25 percent less energy than incandescent bulbs.

Use my air conditioner sensibly.

Close my windows in the winter: cooling my room by opening the window wastes energy! If the heater is on, I will turn it down instead.

I will take shorter showers—this will save water as well as a remarkable amount of energy required to heat water.

Wash my clothes only when they need to be washed and then run only full loads. I will use cold

or warm water instead of hot, which will save energy.

Report all maintenance problems in a timely manner. Keep bathroom fixtures from dripping and report those that do.


When I am commuting….

Drive less: trains and buses require much less energy per person than a single-occupancy auto.

I will ride a bike if I can do so safely. The bicycle is the most energy efficient form of personal transportation.

Drive less: consolidate my trips and lower my speed. I will plan trips and errands to make each trip most productive.

Accelerate gently: it takes a great deal of energy to rapidly accelerate a car.

Most vehicles get the best gas mileage around 55 mph, so I will try to drive the speed limit! Every mile per hour above 55 requires increasingly more fuel.

Inflate my tires to the maximum PSI listed on the sidewall of the tire, instead of what is listed by the auto manufacturer.

Change my oil, replace the air filter, and do all the other recommended maintenance that will keep my car running efficiently and help it last longer.

54) Does your school offer on-campus office-based sustainability internships or jobs for students?

[X] No
Yes. Please provide number of students and average number of hours worked weekly per student:
Paid positions. Average hours worked weekly per student:
Unpaid positions. Average hours worked weekly per student:

55) Does your school have residence hall Eco-Reps or other similar programs to promote behavioral change on campus?
[X] No
Yes. Please provide details below, and indicate URL if available:
Paid positions. Average hours worked weekly per student:
Positions that award academic credit. Average hours worked weekly per student:
Uncompensated positions. Average hours worked weekly per student:

56) Does your school have active student-run organizations devoted to sustainability efforts on campus?

[X] Yes. Please provide total number of active organizations, names of organizations, a brief description of each, and URLs, if available:

The Villanova Environmental Group (VEG) is a group of student activists who participate in projects to help better the condition of the environment on campus, locally, and globally. The group is quite active, and its goal is to increase awareness and the discussion of problems facing the future of the earth. VEG presents an open forum for anyone who has questions, concerns, and ideas regarding the constant changes in the environment. The group has a page on Facebook, which can be found here: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=33921562145. The group also has a Villanova website, which can be found here: http://www.villanova.edu/artsci/peaceandjustice/studentorgs/environgroup.htm.


The Ecological Society of Villanova (ESV), founded in 1994 by a group of biology undergraduates, is a student organization that focuses on ecology and environmental science. Activities include:

meetings to share information about ecological issues and environmental action;

field trips to regional sites for natural history observation, environmental education, service, and recreation; and

sponsorship of invited speakers and other events with ecological and environmental themes.


ESV has a Villanova website, which can be found here: http://www.students.villanova.edu/esv/.


During the past academic year, a brand new student organization was formed within the Villanova School of Business called Business Without Borders. The organization is affiliated with Net Impact Undergrad (http://www.netimpact.org/displaycommon.cfm?an=1&subarticlenbr=1681), a higher-education program that seeks to encourage undergraduates around themes of corporate social responsibility, social entrepreneurship, green business, and other topics related to the ways in which business can be used to make a positive impact on the world. The mission and goals of the Villanova group are outlined below.


Business Without Borders Chapter Mission

The mission of Business without Borders is to equip, educate, and inspire Villanova School of Business students to use their business skills for lasting social and environmental good. To fulfill this mission, Business without Borders Net Impact Undergrad Chapter will remain committed to provide the members it serves with an array of opportunities that will 1) empower undergraduate students to use their skills to positively impact their surroundings, 2) help them put their beliefs into action through sustainability efforts, and 3) enlarge their network with other like-minded individuals who have demonstrated their commitment to social corporate responsibility.


Top 3 Goals for the Year (and Beyond!)

The goal of the Business without Borders Net Impact Undergrad Chapter is to facilitate professional development, cross-industry knowledge-sharing, networking opportunities, and educational opportunities among members from diverse academic and professional backgrounds in all topics related to business and positive social and environmental impact.


The new Business Without Borders group complements the existing Engineers Without Borders (EWB) student organization at Villanova. Although primarily focused on social justice issues, EWB projects often directly touch upon environmental and sustainability issues, as well. This group has been highly active in recent years, in large part due to a recent student leader, Sarah Arscott. Arscott’s work was so outstanding that she was the 2009 winner of Villanova’s Thomas J. Mentzer Award, which honors a graduating Villanova senior who has contributed significantly, through his or her service, to expanding opportunities for the poor and marginalized. Arscott’s leadership was pivotal in advancing EWB from a membership of 5 to what is now a registration of over 150. During her tenure, the group completed an impressive array of projects locally, nationally, and internationally, including the installation of a gravity-flow water system to deliver clean drinking water to an orphanage and several villages in Thailand. EWB has a page on Facebook, which can be found here: http://www.facebook.com/home.php?#/group.php?gid=2200938099.


The Villanova Equity Society (VES) is a student club organized under the auspices of the Institute for Research in Advanced Financial Technology at the Villanova School of Business. VES provides students with hands-on opportunities to actively manage portfolios of equity securities. VES currently controls two distinct student managed funds, the Whipkey Large-Cap Fund and the Haley Group Mid-Cap Fund. Both funds are domestic, long-only equity funds and both invest only in socially responsible investments—including those that relate to sustainability and the environment. VES has a Villanova website, which can be found here: http://students.villanova.edu/smf/EquitySociety/index.html.


Graduate students at the Villanova School of Law have an Environmental and Energy Law Society, which is dedicated to exploring the effects and prospects of law relating to the environment and energy. The group is primarily concerned with US energy policies and the environmental consequences they produce. The group’s Villanova website description can be found here: http://www.law.villanova.edu/studentservices/studentlife/studentorganizations.asp#Envrionmental_and_Energy_Law_Society.


In addition to these student groups described above, Villanova students are active members of the President’s Climate Commitment Core Team.


Lastly, Villanova offers students a wide range of opportunities to participate in sustainability research. Research opportunities exist in the sciences, engineering, humanities, social sciences, and business. Students work independently, in groups, or as partners with faculty. Students produce poster exhibits, traditional research papers, and lab reports. Students present their research to the campus community, such as during the annual Earth Day symposium, and they present their work at professional conferences, such as the Middle States Division of the Association of American Geographers Conference. The following is a sampling of student projects.


First-Year students enrolled in the Environmental Learning Community write a research paper on an aspect of sustainability.


Students enrolled the Environmental Science II course pursue research projects related to sustainability, such as air quality on campus, plastic bag use in the University Shop, biodegradable food containers in the residence halls, expansion of the off-campus shuttle route to minimize campus commutes, and tips for easy do-it-yourself energy audits in dorm rooms.


Students enrolled in Conservation Biology partner with the professor to study various species, such as the Cozumel Thrasher, the White Breasted Thrasher, and the Chickadee.


Undergraduate student teams, under the direction of a faculty member, learn how to perform home energy audits using newly-purchased equipment provided by the Department of Chemical Engineering.


57) Does your school organize any sustainability challenges/competitions for your campus and/or with other colleges?

[X] Yes. Please list details for all competitions.


Name of competition: RecycleMania
Year initiated: 2004
Frequency of competition: Annual
Participants: Villanova Students
Incentives: The satisfaction of beating the competition and pride in the Villanova Recycling Program.
Goal of competition: To serve as a benchmarking tool for college and university recycling programs to promote waste reduction activities on their campuses. Over a 10-week period, schools report recycling and trash data which are then ranked according to who collects the largest amount of recyclables per capita, the largest amount of total recyclables, the least amount of trash per capita, or have the highest recycling rate. With each week’s reports and rankings, participating schools watch how their results fluctuate against other schools and use this to rally their campus communities to reduce and recycle more.

Percent of energy/water/waste reduced: Since the inception of Villanova’s recycling program in 1990, the university has recycled over 11,179,470 pounds of waste.

Lasting effects of competition: Increased awareness and excitement about recycling and sustainability across campus; Villanova placed #165 nationwide in the “Grand Champion Competition” division.
Websites: http://www.villanova.edu/fmo/recycling/



Name of competition: Student Energy Conservation Competition
Year initiated: 2008–09 Academic Year
Frequency of competition: Daily
Participants: Villanova Students in Caughlin, Katharine, McGuire, and St. Monica’s Residence Halls
Incentives: The satisfaction of beating the competition.
Goal of competition: To reduce energy consumption among students, and to set a positive example for other dorms throughout campus.
Percent of energy/water/waste reduced: Fluctuates daily; however, over the entire academic year (compared to the previous year), Katharine Hall reduced its electricity consumption by 20 percent; Maguire Hall reduced its hot water usage by 64 percent and hot water energy by 55 percent; and Caughlin Hall reduced its cold water usage by 51 percent.

Lasting effects of competition: Students teach themselves and one another about the ways that small daily changes can make a difference in the protection of the environment.
Website: http://residence.villanova.greentouchscreen.com


Name of competition: The Peace & Justice Center 30 Days to a Sustainable Habit Competition
Year initiated: 2008–09 Academic Year
Frequency of competition: Annual
Participants: Villanova Community Members
Incentives: Prizes as follows:

Smoothies: Every day one participant who has recorded his or her activities for that day is randomly selected to win a 20-ounce smoothie from Freshens Energy Zone, served in an eco-friendly cup.

The first 8 people to reach 25 points receives one of the following: a Villanova lanyard; a Villanova decal; or a NovaNation rally towel.

The 3 people who have earned 50 points and higher are randomly chosen to win a toy Villanova football.

The 6th, 7th, and 8th highest points earners win a Villanova Basketball water bottle.

The top 5 points earners win a Villanova t-shirt.

The top point earner wins a Villanova t-shirt and a Harry Perretta bobble-head doll.

Goal of competition: To raise awareness of, and encourage personal accountability for, environmental responsibility in one’s daily routine and in one’s community.
Percent of energy/water/waste reduced: Unknown.
Lasting effects of competition: Increased awareness about sustainability, including among faculty and staff who may not have normally been highly engaged in sustainability activities.
Website: http://www.villanova.edu/sustainability/yearofsustainabilty/contest_registration.htm



58) How many vehicles are in your institution’s fleet?

59) Please list the number of alternative-fuel vehicles in each class.
[0] Hybrid. Please list makes and models:
[6] Electric. Please describe type of vehicles: Golf cart-type vehicles, which are used for intra-campus transportation and deliveries.
[0] Biodiesel. Please describe type of vehicles and list biodiesel blend(s) used:
[0] Other. Please describe:

60) What is the average GHG emission rate per passenger mile of your institution’s motorized fleet?
[Unknown] pounds of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) per passenger mile traveled.

61) Does your school offer incentives for carpooling?

N/A. Please explain:
[X] No
Yes. Please describe details of the program including the type of the incentive and eligible community members (e.g., faculty, staff, students):

62) Does your school offer public transportation subsidies?
[X] Yes. Please describe the program including the size of the discount (as a percent of full price) and eligible community members (e.g., faculty, staff, students): The Villanova Commuter Benefit Plan (http://www.villanova.edu/hr/benefits/otherprogs/commuter.htm), managed by WageWorks, is available to all Villanova faculty and staff. The following is an excerpt from the benefit description that is provided to faculty and staff by the Villanova Office of Human Resources. (“SEPTA” is the public transportation system of Philadelphia.)


The Commuter Benefit Plan allows you to pay for eligible transit expenses through pre-tax payroll deductions. If you ride public transportation to work, this plan can save you both money and time. Commuting to work by public transportation is also beneficial to the environment. We hope that this benefit plan will provide our employees with an additional incentive to consider using public transportation.


The Internal Revenue Service establishes the maximum amount that may be contributed each calendar year. For 2009, the maximum monthly amount will be $230. There is no minimum monthly amount. The pre-tax feature of this plan allows your contribution for eligible transit expenses to be deducted before Federal income and Social Security taxes are applied. Depending on your individual tax rate and monthly transit expenses, this can save you up to several hundred dollars each year. The university is paying the administrative fees for the program so there are no other additional costs to you.


The amount that you select for your monthly transit contribution will be deducted from your paycheck for the following month’s transportation expense. For example, the deduction taken in your November paycheck will be for your December transit purchase. Those on the bi-weekly payroll will have this contribution deducted from the 2nd paycheck of the month.


The Commuter Benefit Plan election may be changed on a monthly basis, unlike our group insurance plans, which require an annual election. You may enroll, change your election, or cancel participation in the plan each month providing you do so within the required timeframe.


If you use SEPTA to commute to work, there are several options available to you through the program. The Commuter Card (debit card) may be used to pay for your transportation expenses up to the $230 monthly maximum. The card is loaded each month with the amount of your election. If your expense exceeds the IRS limit, you may pay SEPTA the additional cost through other forms of payment, e.g. cash or credit card.


You may also purchase vouchers, ten trip tickets, or monthly passes through the program. However, please be aware that monthly passes are not refundable in most cases and it is the employee’s responsibility to change or cancel participation within the required timeframe each month. Also, the monthly pass would not be an option if your cost exceeded the $230 (2009) IRS limit since WageWorks directly provides the pass to you. The other options, however, would be available such as the Commuter Card or vouchers. WageWorks can provide information on all options available for SEPTA as well as other transit systems you use to travel to work. You will need to verify with other transit systems whether they accept more than one form of payment prior to enrolling in the plan.


63) Does your school provide free transportation around campus?
[X] Yes. Please describe: All members of the Villanova campus community are welcome to use the free campus shuttle. http://www.villanova.edu/publicsafety/services/shuttle.htm

64) Does your school operate a free transportation shuttle to local off-campus destinations?
[X] Yes. Please describe: All members of the Villanova campus community are welcome to use the free campus shuttle, which also provides several off-campus transportation routes to popular destinations nearby. http://www.villanova.edu/publicsafety/services/shuttle.htm

65) Does your school offer a bicycle-sharing/rental program or bicycle repair services?

[X] No*
Yes. Please provide details below.
Year created:
Number of bikes available:
Fees for participation:
Repair services provided:


*Villanova does not offer such a program; however, in 2008, an Environmental Science class group conducted a research project to determine the viability of such a project on campus. The students’ rationale for the project was as follows:


“Our project is to investigate the implementation of a bike rental program on Villanova’s campus. Biking is a great non-carbon emitting form of transportation that is especially practical in close communities, walking cities, and college campuses. Recently, bike rental programs have sprouted up all over the world and are experiencing growing success. Our group is studying how popular biking is at Villanova, what factors hinder biking, and if we overcame these obstacles, would people be willing to utilize the biking program.”


The group proceeded to survey 406 Villanova students (67 percent Female, 37 percent Male), 77 percent of whom were sophomores or juniors. A selection of their results is below. 

Bike Rental Service

25% would not use the rental service

44% would use it if it were free

29% would pay a small sum for the rental



27.3% would definitely bike to places previously driven

46.3% would possibly bike instead of drive

26.3% would not alter their habits


66) Does your school partner with a car-sharing program?

[X] No
Yes. Please provide details below.
Year created:
Total number of vehicles:
Number of hybrid vehicles:
Fee for membership:

67) Does your school have policies that support a pedestrian-friendly or bike-friendly campus (e.g., in the school’s master plan, a policy prohibiting vehicles from the center of campus)?

[X] Yes. Please describe: As outlined in the final report on the new Villanova Campus Master Plan, under the section entitled “A More Pedestrian-Friendly Campus,” pedestrian-friendliness is a core component of the roadmap for the future construction, renewal, and maintenance of Villanova’s campus. Areas of particular emphasis in the master plan, which will make Villanova a more pedestrian-friendly campus, include safety, the elimination of most cars from the central core of campus, improved street crossings, redefined and enhanced campus gateways, establishment of a pathway hierarchy, enhancement of Mendel Field (a large, open green space), and campus-wide improvements to pathway accessibility for those with disabilities.



68) What percentage of individuals commute to campus via environmentally preferable transportation (e.g., walking, bicycling, carpooling, using public transit)? [Unknown]


69) Campus setting:
[X] Suburban
Other. Please describe:

70) Total number of buildings: [70]
71) Combined gross square footage of all buildings: [3,468,577]
72) Full-time enrollment (undergraduate and graduate): [7,870]
73) Part-time enrollment (undergraduate and graduate): [2,405]
74) Part-time enrollment as a proportion to a full-time course load: []
75) Percent of full-time students that live on campus: [70 percent]

Questions 76-87 are for informational purposes only; responses will NOT be included in the Report Card evaluation process.


Please mark an “X” next to each item that applies to your institution.

76) Outdoors club:
77) Disposable water bottle ban:

78) Participation in RecycleMania: [X]
79) Student trustee position: [X]
80) Environmental science/studies major: [X]
81) Environmental science/studies minor or concentration: [X]
82) Graduate-level environmental program : [X]
83) Student green fee:
84) Alumni green fund:
85) Revolving loan fund for sustainability projects:

86) Campus garden or farm: [X]

First, The Villanova campus is a designated arboretum.

Second, in partnership with the Villanova Grounds Crew, Villanova Dining Services has two herb gardens, which are located outside Villanova’s two largest resident dining halls.

87) Single-stream recycling:


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